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Conservation of Maleo Bird Life Diversity (Macrocephalon maleo Sal. Muller 1846) through Egg Hatching Modification and Ex Situ Care
Researcher : Y. Rusiyantono
Published : 2007
Group :Biodiversity
Full Report : Special request
Abstract :

The aims of this reseach were to determine the effective hatching pattern to produce maleo chicks, to know the maintenace pattern of maleo bird obtained from hatching through feed quality and temperature adjustment approaches, and to observe  response of maleo bird towards raising pattern adjustment by measuring the value of plasticity.    There were two phases in this research. The first phase was hatching by using a modified incubator. The second phase  was the rasing  of the chicks  from the result of hatching through feeding  pattern management i.e. the content of protein and energy of the feed should be in balance. The results of the research indicated that the hatching success was 65%; however, life endurance of the birds from birth to one month of age was only 40%. After passing critical period, their growth showed a quite  high increase in  body-weight based on feeding pattern containing 21% of protein, that was 64.93 g and 62.59 g  for maleo of Lore Lindu National Park (TNLL) and for those of Bangkiriang wildlife reserve(SMB) respectively. While feeding pattern containing  13% of protein increased their  average  monthly body-weight to  33.06 g for TNLL maleo bird and 36.99 g for those of Bangkiriang wildlife reserve. It was found that feeding pattern containing higher content of protein (21%) promoted significant increase in the body-weight of maleo birds. Feeding the birds with high protein content feed along with sufficient energy triggered their growth speed. Based on the findings, it was concluded that maleo birds could be preserved by way of hatching, while in order to accelerate their growth after hatching, the birds should  be fed with feed containing high  protein and energy.