Promoting Styrax-Coffee Agroforestry System And Apiculture of Trigona SP. For White Propolis Production as Alternative Source of Livelihood for Communities in Lake Toba Catchment Area, North Sumatra
Aswandi, S.Hut, A. H.Iswanto, S.Hut. M.Si Dr. Ir. Supriyanto, D.R. Kholibrina, S.Hut, M.Si A. Hasanuddin, S.Hut

Source: SEAMEO BIOTROP's Research Grant | 2017


The complexity of the Lake Toba water catchment management problems require a holistic and integrative approach. Therefore, increasing land productivity that develop alternative sources of community livelihood needs to be identified. The objective of study were encouraged the integrated scheme of Trigona-bee-producing propolis on agroforestry- styrax-coffee in the framework of developing alternative sources of community livelihood and environmental sustainability in Lake Toba. The scope of activities were aimed to obtain (1) information on Trigona feed sources on agroforestry systems; (2) scheme of agroforestry-styrax-coffee and Trigona cultivation that optimize the land productivity and provide the highest economic income; and (3) information about productivity and phythochemical of Trigona propolis. The research activities were conducted on incense forests in Pakpak Bharat, Humbang Hasundutan and the Aek Nauli Forest and Environment Development Research Institute. The results show that the agroforestry practices have actually existed for a long time in Lake Toba. Farmers in this area have planted their land with a variety of plants. The diversity of species in the agrofrestry system illustrates farmers' choices in extracting their sources of income by considering the term harvesting, risk and saving in tree stand form. Trigona bee cultivation in agroforestry system proves the high potential of propolis and honey produced. Propolis produced a typical incense aroma and contains phytochemical compounds polyphenols (flavonoids, phenolic acids), terpenoids and steroids. The abundant feed resources, uncomplicated cultivation techniques, high selling prices and demand for propolis products are some of the strengths and opportunities for Trigona bee cultivation development in Lake Toba. The development of honey bee cultivation and propolis producers in agroforestry systems provides opportunities for alternative sources of livelihoods and increases the crop productivity.

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