The Success of Sonneratia SP. Nurseries to Support Mangrove Restoration in Berbak and Sembilang National Park
S. U. Adi Kunarso, Agus Kurniawan, Noor Farikhah Haneda, N. Endra Lelana

Source: SEAMEO BIOTROP's Research Grant | 2019


Mangrove forest is a type of forest that grows in tidal areas (especially on sheltered beaches, lagoons, river estuaries) that are inundated and puddle free at low tide with salt tolerant plant community. The mangrove forest is the largest habitat in Berbak and Sembilang that extends overland to 35 km. The research aims to: 1) study seedling production technique of Sonneratia sp. from seed, 2) identify the pests and diseases that occurred in mangrove nursery, and 3) evaluate the incidence and intensity of pests and diseases in the nursery. Sonneratia caseolaris is a type of mangrove plant that grows mainly along small tidal streams and in parts of mangroves where salt content is relatively low. S. caseolaris has an irregular fruitful season, so as a material supply of seeds can be done through vegetative and generative. Some factors that influence the success of S. caseolaris nursery to supporting mangrove rehabilitation efforts are the selection of appropriate seed/seedlings, use of planting media, and prevention/ control of pest and disease in S. caseolaris. Top soil is the best media used for sowing and weeding of S. caseolaris. Hormone application is able to stimulate growth and survival of S. caseolaris shoot cuttings.

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